Year 1966. Location California. Female traffic offenders were on the increase. Justice Fellowship secured the Indiana legislature to start a community service program as a viable alternative to imprisonment as he envisaged that the opportunity will serve two in one, reduce the overcrowding in state’s prison and the non-violent offenders will be given a chance for restitution in place of normal incarceration. UK Parliament followed suit with its legislation enactment as early as 1970 and gave courts the authority and power to impose community service online as a sentencing sanction. The invocation of community service was overwhelming that budgetary allocation increased and had more public support owing to its reparative element.
The implementation of community service programs was proposed such that the reparative sanction is related to the nature of offence sanctioned. The positive sanction induces a kind of responsibility on the offender and which influences his/her actions in future. More than anything the burden on incarceration gets reduced to a great extent. The service also provides an opportunity to the offender to perceive the indirect damages he has caused, the limits of social tolerance, constructive means of repairing, to increase his self-worth and provide a resource for the numerous governmental and non-profit institutions. Community service is conceived not as punishment or rehabilitation but rather which helps to infuse a sense of responsibility.